Large Mammals

Life Deers change in appearance and behaviour with the seasons. In a lean condition in the spring, when fawns are born, males then grow antlers over the summer, and the year closes with the breeding period in late fall.
Home Forests, woodlands, high fields.
Food Grasses, leaves, legumes, acorns, fruit, sumac. They have a 4-chambered stomach that allows them to quickly eat food and digest it later.
Young 1 to 3 spotted fawns in each litter are born between May and June, and are raised by the mother alone.

Deer hide their fawns in a safe place and go off to eat. They come back roughly every 4 hours to feed the fawn. If you find a fawn on its own, look closely without disturbing him. If the fawn is injured, cold, crying continuously, or covered with flies, he needs rescuing. 

If he is curled up quietly, leave immediately. Check back in 4 to 8 hours to assess the situation. The mother will know you have been there and will move the fawn. Leave a healthy fawn quickly as they can follow you if you move slowly. Never feed a cold fawn.




Life Coyotes usually live in packs of about 6. They are mostly nocturnal but are often seen during the day as well.
Home Small woodlands and grassy fields that provide camouflage and food. Their concealed dens are usually dug into the ground or at the base of a tree, next to streams or cliffs.
Food They are carnivores but will also eat fruit.
Young Pups are born between late March and May, and by about 5 weeks they are fully weaned. Male pups will leave their dens between months 6 and 9, while females usually remain with the parents and form the basis of the pack.

Coyotes are often thought poorly of, especially by farmers and large property owners, but they have a remarkably positive impact on natural areas and biodiversity. Live trapping is not a good solution (for more, see Trapping & Relocating).